Tesla to be more competitive in Europe with upcoming car tax policy update
Teslarati · Simon Alvarez · 2 hours ago
Tesla’s Model 3 push in Europe could see a notable boost, thanks to a potential policy update that would abolish import duties on American cars entering the region. The potential update was related by German Economy Minister Peter Altmaier to German newspaper Welt am Sonntag on Sunday. “We have already said we are ready to bring tariffs on important industrial products down to zero. This would eliminate accusations that US car tariffs are lower than EU ones,” he said . The Economy Minister stated that the European Union would offer US exporters other incentives, including sparing them from the need...
10 things in tech you need to know today
INSIDER · Isobel Asher Hamilton · 2 hours ago
Good morning! This is the tech news you need to know this Monday. Google is paying out $11 million to settle an age-discrimination case from 2015, Bloomberg reports. The class action case comprises of 227 people, meaning an average payout of $35,000 each. A New York Times reporter went undercover as a deliveryman for Uber Eats and Doordash to see what it's like to work for food delivery apps. He found a large proportion of his deliveries didn't come with a tip. Elon Musk tweeted that his tunnel transportation system Hyperloop hit a new top speed of 288 mph. Musk...
SpaceX to build massive, new Hyperloop tunnel for 2020 competition, says Elon Musk
Teslarati · Eric Ralph · 5 hours ago
SpaceX has just completed its fourth hosted Hyperloop competition since its 2017 debut and Hyperloop inventor and CEO Elon Musk has capped the successful event with a big claim: in 2020, SpaceX will host Competition 5 at a brand-new track (“tunnel”) offering new freedom and challenges to the student teams. According to Musk, that new track – presumably to be built by The Boring Company or SpaceX – will be up to 10 km (6.2 mi) in length, support a full vacuum like its 1.6 km (1 mi) predecessor, and feature curves. Altogether, those features could support truly insane top...
US Auto Sales Slump … Automakers Lagging Tesla … Woz Buys Tesla Powerwalls — #CleanTechnica Top 20
CleanTechnica · Zachary Shahan · 9 hours ago
The most popular stories on CleanTechnica last week covered a wide variety of Tesla stories, some fun Nissan LEAF stories, a piece on the new EV approach from Nikola Motors, news of a 10 gigawatt battery factory for India, and some scientific advancements in geothermal energy and batteries...
Were CNBC Sources — “Tesla Employees” — Funded By TSLAQ?
CleanTechnica · Johnna Crider · 10 hours ago
CNBC recently published an article claiming that Tesla workers said they took shortcuts while working in harsh conditions in order to meet Model 3 production goals. This is a bold accusation that CNBC backs up with two names sources and several unnamed sources. The two named sources are husband and wife, Carlos and Maggie Aranda. There are some reasons you may want to be cautious before assuming these claims are true...
Watch Out-Of-Nowhere Bumper Strike A Car, Alert Tesla Driver Avoids It
Inside EVs · 12 hours ago
The Tesla driver reacts swiftly to avoid hitting the loose car part....
SpaceX’s Elon Musk says Starship, Super Heavy will have more than 40 Raptor engines
Teslarati · Eric Ralph · 12 hours ago
According to tweets published by CEO Elon Musk on July 21st, SpaceX’s combined Starship and Super Heavy launch vehicle (BFR) could have as many as 41 Raptor engines at liftoff. As with all other aspects of SpaceX’s next-generation rocket, this is a sign that things remain in flux as the company nears the point at which a specific design will need to be settled on for the first flight-ready prototype(s). With 6 Raptors on the upper stage (Starship) and 35 Raptors on the first stage/booster (Super Heavy), the rocket will – without a doubt – be the most powerful launch...
NewsWatch: At Tesla, another quarterly loss is likely, but Wall Street is hoping demand remained intact
MarketWatch · 12 hours ago
Tesla Inc. is expected to report second-quarter results after the bell Wednesday amid a rally for its battered stock fueled by better-than-expected quarterly sales....
Tesla Pickup Truck Rendered To Life From Elon Musk Teaser
Inside EVs · 13 hours ago
This Tesla truck rendering surely could be seen on Blade Runner. Or on Brazilian beaches......
Watch Tesla Model S 75D Rip From 0 To 140 MPH In...Video
Inside EVs · 14 hours ago
It's not the fastest Model S by any means, but it still flies....
Watch Tesla Model 3 Take On Nissan 370Z Twin Turbo: Drag Race Video
Inside EVs · 14 hours ago
Can the Model 3 take down a tuned Nissan 370Z?...
Tesla’s marketing strategies in China could address the negative narrative in the US
Teslarati · Simon Alvarez · 16 hours ago
Over the course of the massive roller coaster ride that was Tesla’s first and second quarters this year, it has become particularly evident that the electric car maker is dealing with a lot of misinformation. After the first quarter’s lower-than-expected results, for example, Tesla faced multiple narratives suggesting that the demand for the company’s vehicles was fast declining, and that its growth story was dead . It was not until Tesla revealed its higher-than-expected delivery and production numbers in the second quarter that the narrative surrounding the company shifted a little bit for the better. Being one of the most...
7 Things You Didn't Know About NIO
The Motley Fool · newsfeedback@fool.com (Scott Levine) · 17 hours ago
A pure play in the electric vehicle (EV) market, NIO ( NYSE:NIO ) may be recognized by investors as one of the largest challengers to Tesla 's success in China. But there are plenty of other things to learn about this company, which is driving ahead in pursuit of revolutionizing the Chinese auto market. And since the best investors are well-informed investors, let's look at some things to help provide a more complete view of the company. 1. What's in a name? Founded in 2014, the company originally operated under the name NextCar, changing it to NIO in July 2017....
Tesla hater gets caught and charged for harassing Model 3 owner thanks to TeslaCam
Electrek · Fred Lambert · 18 hours ago
A pickup truck driver who seemingly hates Tesla got caught and charged for harassing a Model 3 owner thanks to TeslaCam, Tesla’s onboard dashcam feature utilizing Autopilot camera. more… Subscribe to Electrek on YouTube for exclusive videos and subscribe to the podcast. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1zk7Eb8r-s&list=PL_Qf0A10763mA7Byw9ncZqxjke6Gjz0Mt The post Tesla hater gets caught and charged for harassing Model 3 owner thanks to TeslaCam appeared first on Electrek....
Tesla Registered 25,000+ New Model 3 VINs: Most Since April
Inside EVs · 18 hours ago
Tesla already registered some 475,000 VIN numbers for Model 3, but it's only loosely connected with the production rate....
Tech Stocks: Judge told Tesla to release evidence in short seller trial, so Tesla dropped the case
MarketWatch · 19 hours ago
Tesla dropped the suit Friday after the judge ordered the company to turn over video and audio evidence to prove its case. The company said it chose not to release the evidence to protect the privacy of its employees,...
3 Things to Watch in the Stock Market This Week
The Motley Fool · Demitrios Kalogeropoulos · 20 hours ago
Stocks drifted lower last week as investors digested dozens of reports from the start of second-quarter earnings season. Both the S&P 500 ( SNPINDEX:^GSPC ) and the Dow Jones Industrial Average ( DJINDICES:^DJI ) shed less than 1% to hold near their highs for the year. Hundreds of companies will post second-quarter earnings results over the coming week, which could mean volatility ahead for the broader market. Below, we'll take a look at the metrics that could send shares of iRobot ( NASDAQ:IRBT ) , Coca-Cola ( NYSE:KO ) , and Tesla ( NASDAQ:TSLA ) moving over the next few...
Elon Musk's SpaceX Wants Even More Money
The Motley Fool · Rich Smith · 21 hours ago
Once upon a time ( i.e., four years ago ), all the SpaceX stock in the world could be bought for a mere $10 billion. My, my... how times have changed. From February 2015 to January 2019, the combined market capitalization of still-privately-held SpaceX zoomed from $10 billion all the way up to $30.5 billion -- based on a $186 share price charged on the company's January private placement of 2.7 million shares. Four months later, SpaceX stock was up once again -- to $33.3 billion , according to the number crunchers at CNBC. And now? Now, believe it or...
A major Wall Street analyst recently suggested that Tesla is 'strategically undervalued,' but is that true? (TSLA)
INSIDER · Matthew DeBord · 1 day ago
The Morgan Stanley auto analyst Adam Jonas argued that Tesla is "fundamentally overvalued" but "strategically undervalued." That's a typically Jonas insight, in that it seeks to reconcile a contradiction. It's true: Tesla is vulnerable short-term, but valuable long-term if a significant electric-vehicle market emerges. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories. Last week, in a research note assessing the connections between the car and technology industries, Morgan Stanley's lead auto analyst, Adam Jonas, argued that Tesla is "fundamentally overvalued" but "strategically undervalued." For Jonas, a longtime Tesla bull who has more recently been trimming back his expectations, it was an...
A 4,000 Mile Road Trip In A Tesla Model 3 (Video + Interview)
CleanTechnica · Jake Richardson · 1 day ago
Mike Krueger recently drove with his son in a Tesla Model 3 from northern California to Texas and back to visit family members who live in the Lone Star State...
Tesla Model 3 vs. BMW 230i, 330i, 440i, & i3s
CleanTechnica · Zachary Shahan · 1 day ago
I've been thoroughly digging through our archives lately and ran across a series of articles published in the middle of 2017 that seemed to be worth a refresh and rerun. These are simple comparisons I conducted between the Tesla Model 3 and other premium-class cars in its general price range and size. Let's revisit how current BMW options compare to the Model 3, this time adding in some 5 year cost of ownership scenarios...
NASA Updates Broadcast of Next Space Station Resupply Launch, Prelaunch Activities
Business Insider · 1 day ago
WASHINGTON, July 20, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- NASA commercial cargo provider SpaceX now is targeting 6:24 p.m. EDT Wednesday, July 24, for the launch of its 18th resupply mission to the International Space Station. Live coverage will......
A new “moonshot” goes beyond returning to Earth’s moon
Axios · Steve LeVine · 1 day ago
The last geopolitical race to space seemed existential, set against the nerve-rattling competition between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. The outcome was the moonshot — the astonishing launch of two humans onto the nearest body in space. Driving the news : This time, the show of scientific and engineering muscle is the same, as the U.S., India, China and a host of privateers try to establish the first perch on the Moon. But it seems reasonable to ask whether the aim — the Moon — sets the sights of the contest too low. The big question: Is returning to...
Tesla Cuts Prices Again. It's Not Good News.
The Motley Fool · newsfeedback@fool.com (Adam Levine-Weinberg) · 1 day ago
Earlier this month, Tesla ( NASDAQ:TSLA ) reported that it delivered a record 95,200 vehicles during the second quarter, bouncing back from a dreadful start to the year. (Deliveries totaled just 63,000 in the first quarter.) It also said that its order backlog increased last quarter. While Tesla hasn't released its full quarterly earnings report yet, this update seemed to indicate that the electric vehicle pioneer was getting itself back on track. However, Tesla rolled out yet another series of price cuts and options adjustments earlier this week. This renews questions about the strength of demand. Furthermore, these changes could...
Tesla Network Robotaxi imagined as getaway car with its own clever agenda
Teslarati · Dacia J. Ferris · 1 day ago
Teslas are supposed to provide a great many benefits to their owners. They’re really fast, super energy efficient, have zero emissions, and provide driver ease and comfort on long journeys via Autopilot. However, as the artificial intelligence (AI) in their Full Self-Driving computers improves, it’s plausible that the software in the all-electric vehicles will eventually be developed into something with a bit more personality, namely behaving as an interactive and conversational assistant. While Elon Musk is concerned about AI eventually deciding it no longer has much use for humans, what would that process look along the way in one of...
“Tech Companies Don’t Speak Auto, Auto Companies Don’t Speak Tech” — But Tesla Speaks Both
CleanTechnica · Matt Pressman · 1 day ago
The incumbents are in a pickle right now. "Here’s the problem: tech companies don’t speak auto; auto companies don’t speak tech," explains Ronson. In contrast, Elon Musk's vertically-integrated Tesla "does not have a translation problem."...
Tesla dashcam helps get justice after truck driver harasses Model 3 owner
Teslarati · Simon Alvarez · 1 day ago
A Tesla Model 3 owner recently experienced one of the worst situations that can happen on the road. While going about his business, the Tesla owner noticed a truck driver behaving rather aggressively behind him. What followed was a disturbing series of events which, thanks to the recording capabilities of Tesla’s built-in dashcam feature, resulted in a well-deserved $800 fine. In the description of the dashcam footage that was later shared on YouTube, Tesla community member and Model 3 owner Arti999 stated that he first noticed the large white GMC truck tailgating him, at some points even driving close to...
“The Model 3 Feels Like A Breakthrough Car” —CAR Magazine
CleanTechnica · Matt Pressman · 1 day ago
As Model 3 begins to appear on the UK's streets, local automotive news outlets are publishing their reviews of Tesla's highly-anticipated electric vehicle. One such publication, CAR Magazine, just released a written review and provocative video about Tesla's lower-priced, smaller sedan...
50 years after Apollo, a U.S. return to the Moon looks depressingly far off
Fast Company · Sean Captain · 1 day ago
The 50th anniversary of the Apollo Moon landing is an occasion for great historical celebration, but also concern at the present state of human space exploration, at least for the United States. Years of political back-and-forth and technical setbacks threaten to drag on longer than the entire Apollo program took. Meanwhile, the prospects for a deus ex machina by Elon Musk’s SpaceX have dimmed at least slightly after a series of mishaps during rocket tests this year. As for Jeff Bezos’s Blue Origin, that’s even years behind SpaceX. And then there’s President Trump’s stated aim to make America great again...
It’s The Batteries, Stupid
CleanTechnica · Guest Contributor · 2 days ago
Tesla builds batteries...
It’s The Batteries, Stupid
CleanTechnica · Guest Contributor · 2 days ago
Tesla builds batteries...
“Tesla Direct” — How More & More Tesla Customers Are Getting Their Cars
CleanTechnica · Guest Contributor · 2 days ago
The auto industry is famously complicated. Those who dare to build cars have to deal with global supply chains, government regulations, and the ever-shifting vagaries of fashion. At the end of the assembly line, however, lies one simple fact: to make money, you must deliver vehicles to customers. A few weeks ago, Tesla [TSLA] stock dropped through the floor because of doubts about deliveries. More recently, it soared back to healthy levels when the company announced a record 95,200 global deliveries for the second quarter....
1 Huge Reason SpaceX Will Dominate the Launch Business
The Motley Fool · newsfeedback@fool.com (Rich Smith) · 2 days ago
From Moscow to Paris to Washington, SpaceX's ultra-cheap launch costs are the talk of the town(s). In Russia, Roscosmos' head (and the country's deputy prime minister) complains that SpaceX's launch business is " stepping on our toes ." Europe is flummoxed, too, warning that SpaceX's rocket prices are simply too cheap to beat . Meanwhile, in Washington, NASA and the Pentagon are both jumping at the chance to put satellites into orbit at prices as low as $62 million a pop . And now, SpaceX prices are going even lower. Image source: NASA . A watershed in space launch When...
Tesla updates map of upcoming Supercharger stations – showing where it’s going next
Electrek · Fred Lambert · 2 days ago
Tesla has updated its map of upcoming Supercharger stations around the world – showing where the automaker is going next. more… Subscribe to Electrek on YouTube for exclusive videos and subscribe to the podcast. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1zk7Eb8r-s&list=PL_Qf0A10763mA7Byw9ncZqxjke6Gjz0Mt The post Tesla updates map of upcoming Supercharger stations – showing where it’s going next appeared first on Electrek....
How SpaceX's planned Starship launch system compares to NASA's towering moon rockets
INSIDER · Dave Mosher · 2 days ago
NASA landed the first humans on the moon 50 years ago, on July 20, 1969. A towering Saturn V rocket helped send the Apollo 11 astronauts there. SpaceX — the rocket company founded by Elon Musk — is currently developing Starship: a new launch system to land on the moon and Mars. SpaceX is working on prototypes of the vehicle, including one called Starhopper, in south Texas. According to Musk, a completed Starship could be 387 feet tall and 30 feet in diameter. That's significantly larger than a Saturn V rocket. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories. The energy...
Elon Musk is a one stop, pop culture to STEM recruiting shop, and that’s a good thing
Teslarati · Dacia J. Ferris · 2 days ago
WARNING This column will be unabashedly full of pop culture references in honor of its topic. Check out the end of the piece for a Where’s Waldo-style treasure hunt to identify where they are. And by that I mean like the list at the back of the book. Or the companion list on the main pages under the scene descriptions. No, definitely more like the back of the book. *** You may have noticed that Elon Musk has something of a cult following. ( awkward pause for audience laughter ) Seriously, though. Have you ever wondered how the nerdy PayPal...
Polestar 2 targets six major cities in North American roadshow
Teslarati · Simon Alvarez · 2 days ago
The Polestar 2, Volvo’s all-electric car that is expected to compete in the same segment as the popular Tesla Model 3, is coming to North America. In a recent press release, the company noted that it would be holding six public events showcasing the all-electric, Google-integrated Polestar 2 across the United States and Canada. These events will provide attendees a chance to experience an immersive demonstration of the Polestar 2 and its tech-centric features . The Polestar team will be showcasing the upcoming vehicle’s interior space, as well as its unique, Google-powered in-car infotainment system. The Polestar 2 roadshow is...
Podcast: Tesla updates pricing and options, new Supercharger V3, Tesla Roadster, and more
Electrek · Fred Lambert · 2 days ago
This week on the Electrek Podcast, we discuss the most popular news in the world of sustainable transport and energy, including Tesla updating pricing and options across its lineup, Tesla opening an important new Supercharger V3, Tesla Roadster news, and more. more… Subscribe to Electrek on YouTube for exclusive videos and subscribe to the podcast. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1zk7Eb8r-s&list=PL_Qf0A10763mA7Byw9ncZqxjke6Gjz0Mt The post Podcast: Tesla updates pricing and options, new Supercharger V3, Tesla Roadster, and more appeared first on Electrek....
Jeff Bezos Says We're Destroying Earth, but Amazon Is the Slowest Tech Giant to Go Green
The Motley Fool · Evan Niu, CFA · 2 days ago
There's a new space race among billionaires that are eyeing the stars, from Elon Musk's SpaceX to Jeff Bezos' Blue Origin, among others. One common theme that the business magnates have expressed is concern about climate change and long-term sustainability of human life on Earth. For example, Musk has long argued that humans must become multiplanetary to survive as a species. Bezos echoed that sentiment this week in an interview with CBS Evening News. CBS NEWS EXCLUSIVE: @JeffBezos wants his space tourism company Blue Origin to be "an instrumental part" of an American return to the Moon; alongside Amb. Caroline...
Tesla Model S Owner's Account Of 213,000 Miles To Date
Inside EVs · 2 days ago
Will a Tesla vehicle eventually make the Guinness Book of World Records for the most miles ever recorded on a car?...
Audi e-trons are blocking Tesla Supercharger stalls
INSIDER · Mark Matousek · 2 days ago
Two photos posted on Twitter and a video on YouTube show Audi e-tron SUVs blocking stalls at Tesla's Supercharger charging stations. Supercharger stations are compatible only with Tesla vehicles. Audi did not immediately respond to a request for comment on whether it had intentionally placed the vehicles at the Supercharger stations. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories. Two photos posted on Twitter and a video on YouTube show Audi e-tron SUVs blocking stalls at Tesla's Supercharger charging stations. Supercharger stations are compatible only with Tesla vehicles. The tweets and video were posted between February and May. Two additional photos...
Earnings Outlook: At Tesla, another quarterly loss is likely, but Wall Street is hoping demand remained intact
MarketWatch · 2 days ago
Tesla Inc. is expected to report second-quarter results after the bell Wednesday amid a rally for its battered stock fueled by better-than-expected quarterly sales....
Tesla Roadster 2020: Elon Musk Declares a Hover Test Is Coming Soon
Inverse · Mike Brown · 2 days ago
T he Tesla Roadster is set to launch next year — in more ways than one. CEO Elon Musk revealed Thursday that the upcoming all-electric supercar, a successor to the firm’s first vehicle that launched in 2008, will likely undergo a hover test sometime next year. It’s a bizarre declaration, one Musk made over Twitter, but it comes days after Musk gave more details about one of the Roadster’s most exotic features. The car is expected to offer a “SpaceX” options package as an optional extra, which will use rocket technology to increase the car’s handling, top speed and acceleration....
Audi uses Tesla Supercharger stations to advertise e-tron electric SUV — smart or dumb?
Electrek · Fred Lambert · 2 days ago
Audi has been using Tesla Supercharger stations to advertise its e-tron electric SUV. Is this a smart move, or are they shooting themselves in the foot? more… Subscribe to Electrek on YouTube for exclusive videos and subscribe to the podcast. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1zk7Eb8r-s&list=PL_Qf0A10763mA7Byw9ncZqxjke6Gjz0Mt The post Audi uses Tesla Supercharger stations to advertise e-tron electric SUV — smart or dumb? appeared first on Electrek....
Elon Musk is a one stop, pop culture to STEM recruiting shop, and that’s a good thing
Teslarati · Dacia J. Ferris · 2 days ago
WARNING This column will be unabashedly full of pop culture references in honor of its topic. Check out the end of the piece for a Where’s Waldo-style treasure hunt to identify where they are. And by that I mean like the list at the back of the book. Or the companion list on the main pages under the scene descriptions. No, definitely more like the back of the book. *** You may have noticed that Elon Musk has something of a cult following. ( awkward pause for audience laughter ) Seriously, though. Have you ever wondered how the nerdy PayPal...
Tesla Supercharger V3: Futuristic Station Is Final Piece of Tesla Puzzle
Inverse · Mike Brown · 2 days ago
T esla has completed the zero-emissions driving loop. On Thursday, the electric car company took the wraps off its third-generation Las Vegas supercharger, complete with a solar canopy that makes it look like a gas station from the future . The 250-kilowatt charging points will add up to 180 miles of driving range to a Model 3 Long Range in just 15 minutes. Tesla is the first automaker to sell more than 200,000 electric cars in the United States. But while those cars may be an environmental win, charging from fossil fuel sources means that using the cars still ultimately...
Tesla behaves like Detroit Three carmakers during their desperate days
Axios · Joann Muller · 2 days ago
Tesla is beginning to behave like the Detroit Three carmakers during their most desperate days. Why it matters: By pumping incentives and slashing prices, the electric car manufacturer is signaling that it prioritizes vehicle deliveries and cash generation over margins. Analysts expect the hit to profits will be evident in next week's Q2 results. But longer term, Tesla also risks alienating loyal customers and destroying its considerable brand equity — problems Detroit is all too familiar with. What's happening: A dizzying string of recent price adjustments on Tesla cars is a sign of internal chaos over how to deal with...
Tesla (TSLA) gets a boost as staunch critics raises Q2 earnings expectations
Teslarati · Simon Alvarez · 2 days ago
Tesla shares ( NASDAQ:TSLA ) received a rather ironic boost on Friday, as one of the company’s biggest skeptics in Wall Street adjusted his estimates for the company’s second-quarter earnings results. In a recent note to clients, Barclays analyst Brian Johnson stated the he sees the Silicon Valley-based electric car maker heading to a nearly profitable Q2 earnings report. “Increasing 2Q estimates as TSLA did indeed ‘move the metal,'” Johnson wrote in his note. With this in mind, Johnson raised his forecast for Tesla’s second-quarter report to a loss of just $0.16 per share, a notable jump from his previous...
How Grubhub Outlasted Amazon
The Motley Fool · Chris Hill · 2 days ago
In this episode of MarketFoolery , host Chris Hill talks with analyst Abi Malin about some market news. United Airlines ' ( NASDAQ:UAL ) second-quarter results were pretty good, but they beg the question: Why doesn't United, and the rest of the airlines, just blame Boeing ( NYSE:BA ) for not doing better? In anticipation of Grubhub 's ( NYSE:GRUB ) next report, Malin explains how the delivery company established its leadership position in a cutthroat space. Emmy nominations are out, and the big four broadcast companies are losing share. Meanwhile, one of Elon Musk's non- Tesla ( NASDAQ:TSLA )...
SpaceX Starhopper: Elon Musk Reveals New Date for Crucial Test-Launch
Inverse · Mike Brown · 2 days ago
T he Starhopper, SpaceX’s test vehicle designed to pave the way for a trip to Mars, could soon embark on its first hover test. The miniaturized version of the Starship, which has been used to test the under-development Raptor engines, is expected to complete a hover test as early as next week. CEO Elon Musk revealed the company’s new goal in a Twitter post Thursday . The test could be a major step forward in the company’s plans to build the Starship, a machine expected to transport up to 100 people at once on a three-to-six-month journey to Mars and...